How were the decisions on the curriculum changes made?
The government appointed a panel of experts, which included subject specialists and teachers, to devise the new curriculum.
Their brief was to emulate the world’s most successful school systems, including those in Hong Kong, Singapore, the Canadian state of Alberta and the US state of Massachusetts, in international tests.
The aim was to combine best international practice with best practice from schools in England.
The government says the curriculum has a strong focus on basic skills “plus real freedom for teachers to decide how best to teach”.
It says it wants pupils to leave school with the knowledge and skills they need to succeed in the real world.